Carma still active
We will have new herd descriptions in the next couple of weeks.
It has been almost 3 years since CARMA 8 which was the most recent workshop in Vancouver. The reason for the delay is not because we have been inactive but that raising the funding is difficult (CARMA 8 was funded by the International Arctic Science Committee). CARMA has made progress on the tools to assess, monitor and mitigate cumulative effects by publishing papers and working with industry and government. CARMA has been contributing as an Expert Group to the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program established under CAFF.
Since 2013, CARMA has compiled a 32 year climate spatial database for calving, summer, fall, winter, and spring ranges for all herds (Russell et al. 2013). The climate (temperature, wind and precipitation) is used to derive ecologically important variables for caribou such as snow depth, rain-on-snow and icing events in winter, incidence of mosquito and warble/nasal bot flies in summer and an index to mushrooms and drought.
Check here for the CARMA 8 workshop report
Internationally – what is happening to caribou and wild reindeer?
Taking all caribou and wild reindeer types (forest or boreal; mountain and tundra) into account; IUCN categorized Rangifer tarandus in 2015, as Vulnerable A2a. Abundance has overall declined by a 40% decline from about 4.8 million to 2.9 million individuals over three generations (about 21-27 years) across their circum-Arctic ranges. The IUCN ranking was Least Concern in 2008 and 1996.
CARMA’s network of contacts and databases contributed to the assessment for migratory tundra caribou and wild reindeer. We recognize still more effort is needed to refine the assessments and to expand their basis. It is worth remembering that uncertainty is high about the extent of the declines and the under-lying mechanisms which vary with region.
Check here for the IUCN assessment http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/29742/0